3. Convergences in the treatment of behavioral addictions
The cumulate incidence of behavioral addictions (BAs) is rising during the last decade among women. However, low number of studies have been conducted regarding the effectiveness of treatments within female clinical samples with different BAs. The aim of this presentation is to provide empirical evidence about the usefulness of the cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for women with gambling disorder (GD) and buying shopping disorder (BSD). Data analyzed were recruited among a clinical sample of women (n =221 GD and n =97 BS) with age between 16 to 77 years-old and treatment seeking for their BAs. Latent class analysis explored the existence of empirical sub-groups based on the presence of relapses and dropout during the CBT. The 4 latent-classes solution is the optimal selected in the study. The diagnostic subtype was statistically equal distributed between the classes. The best CBT outcomes was achieved by a latent class characterized by the healthiest psychological state at baseline, the lowest scores in harm avoidance and self-transcendence, and the highest scores in reward dependence, persistence, self-directedness and cooperativeness. Latent classes with the poorest CBT outcomes grouped women with the youngest mean age, earliest onset of the addictive behaviors, worst psychological health , high score in harm avoidance and higher likelihood of autolysis behavior. GD and BSD constitute complex mental conditions with multiple causes and impacts, which need wide and flexible treatment plans. Specific interventions should be designed with the aim of achieving early inclusion, retention and well-maintained long-term effects.