Therapy of people addicted to alcohol in Polish penitentiaries
The therapy of people addicted to psychoactive drugs (alcohol) has been conducted in Polish prisons since at least the mid-seventies of the last century.
The specificity of the prison as a place of the therapy and condemned as a patient has always aroused much controversy. Particularly noteworthy is the constantly discussed compulsion of therapy. Determinants of dissimilarity of therapy conducted in a penitentiary institution rely on the existence of: a different type of therapeutic relationship, a wider use of coercion in therapeutic interactions and bigger therapeutic needs of convicts, which should be the subject of therapy, as well as differences in the therapeutic environment and different organizational solutions. The purpose of the work is to present the specifics of the convicted person as an addicted person who, while serving a prison sentence, may be referred for treatment also during the imprisonment. Both the possibilities and barriers to the use of therapies in Polish prisons will be presented, resulting from the legal bases, organizational problems of Polish prisons, but also the reluctance of the convicts themselves to start treatment. The results of the research showing the effectiveness of therapy in the penitentiary unit will also be presented.