The role of Social Work and Non-governmental Organizations (NGOs) in Kazakhstan in prevention and treatment of drug use disorders and HIV/AIDS
Social work one of the really powerful profession in 21 century than never before, but still it has not been found such strong tool in Social policy development and further Social development in some countries including Kazakhstan. This study aims to overview professional Social work presence in Kazakhstan, especially in light of lack of information of current presence of professional Social work development in international agenda and moving toward international scene of social work development in area of addiction especially.
Methods: Case-study Kazakhstan, included overview presence national level NGO in direction of prevention and treatment and drug use disorders and HIV with question «How facing professional Social work in treatment and prevention drug and HIV?». Including data of survey from 2020 and 2021 year from external assessment of Social work services for peoples with HIV/AIDS including addiction and other assessments and interventions in giving area including expert interviews of front-line specialists in 2020 ( at least 30 interview with) and 2021 year (at least 35). Overview of advocacy companies with carry out since organizing in 2019 year with aim of advocating of Social work profession by National Allyance of Social works as a national level NGO including field work as well as elaboration curriculum for in-service level of social workers from frontline and enhancing and support as national NGO of social workers higher education in Social work are for organizing social support by case-management for addiction.
Results: Such overview helped drawn up the present picture of Social work and advocating role of NGO on example of intervention which took place from side of NAPSW ( National Allyance professional social workers of Kazakhstan) As outcomes were identified three common challenges and direction for further proper development towards convergence of professional social work and implications of professional tools of assessment and intervention in practice of work with addiction and HIV. Were educated at least 500 social workers from different fileds of Social work, including local NGO and primary health who learned basic social work and case-management technology, including results of 2 external assessment of quality social services for individual families with HIV and with drug addiction.
Conclusion: Overview of impact of national professional association in supporting local NGO in field of HIV service for families and families with addiction on primary health level. The results suggest more coordination role as actor from national NGO as national allyance of professional social workers in case study Kazakhstan.